Protesters against the re-election of President Ahmadinejad again braved the streets on November 4th – and again met beatings, tear gas, and about a hundred were arrested by the security forces. Forty of these were questioned and released, but the others are still in prison, along with an estimated two hundred others detained since the summer demonstrations. Their cases will now be dealt with by the Revolutionary Courts led by the conservative activist Sadeq Larijani. Already some seemingly harsh sentences have been given out. In October Hossein Rassam, on the staff at the British Embassy in Tehran, was sentenced to four years for allegedly fomenting opposition to the government, a charge he denies. And the Iranian-American Kian Tajbakhsh, an academic, has been sentenced to twelve years on the same charge.