When Mohsen Rouhalamini died in prison two weeks after being detained on July 9th, the prison authorities said the cause of death was meningitis. However on August 31st Iran’s Forensic Medicine Organization told the Mehr News Agency that it was not meningitis, but ‘physical stress’ cause by ‘multiple beatings’. This disclosure has shocked the political establishment and alarmed the whole country. The shock is because Rouhalamini was the son of a senior advisor to Mohsen Rezai, a 2005 presidential candidate, ex-military commander and still a leading political figure. The Supreme Leader has ordered an investigation into the incident and promised to make unruly prison staff accountable to justice. If this does not happen Iranian society will remain stressed with this question: if prison staff can feel free to apply ‘multiple beatings’ to the son of a senior conservative, what will they do with others?